The evolution of technologies, industries and regions

In the earlier research on technological evolution in the 1970-1995 period, attention was mainly paid to either a whole economy or a single sector or technological paradigm. It is broadly understood from this research that different industries and technologies evolve at different rates. This means that over time, some industries may be more important than… Continue reading The evolution of technologies, industries and regions

Disruption, radical and incremental innovation

I am continuing with my sprint to write down the ideas and concepts that I am explaining regularly at different events and meetings (The earlier posts are all available on www.cunningham.org.za). The ideas about the fourth industrial revolution being disruptive are now discussed and repeated even by people who have very little understanding of technology… Continue reading Disruption, radical and incremental innovation

Becoming better at tracking how technologies change over time

The subject of how technologies evolve over time have been receiving a lot of attention over the last 40 years. Actually, much of the research work done in the late 80s and 90s are still relevant today. With all the talk of the fourth industrial revolution, the attention has shifted towards innovations coming from elsewhere… Continue reading Becoming better at tracking how technologies change over time

Identifying firms to work with to induce upgrading of industries

Businesses absorb knowlege from other businesses that are economically competent

This is a revised edition of a blog post I wrote back in 2011. When working on the improvement of innovation systems in developing countries, we have to work with firms. These firms have several roles, and there are three units of analysis: The firm is an important unit of analysis of innovative practices (product,… Continue reading Identifying firms to work with to induce upgrading of industries

Identifying firms to work with to induce upgrading of industries

Businesses absorb knowlege from other businesses that are economically competent

This post was revised in February 2018. When working on the improvement of innovation systems in developing countries, we have to work with firms. These firms have several roles, and there are three units of analysis: The firm is an important unit of analysis of innovative practices (product, process, business model). The firm is also… Continue reading Identifying firms to work with to induce upgrading of industries